OPUS

Chilled Water: Carbon Steel Pipe

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Chilled Water systems contain and transport cool water throughout industrial and commercial...
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Manufactured as welded or seamless, and in a variety of wall thicknesses, (Light, Standard,...
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Benefit of Material to Systems Application

The use of carbon steel pipe on water conveying systems has been a very common practice all over the world for over 100 years, and is still the most common material choice for this application. Carbon steel pipe is globally available in a wide range of grades, sizes, wall thicknesses, lengths, and can also be provided pre-insulated. Carbon steel pipe is economically priced compared to other non-ferrous materials, resulting in lower material costs and requires no special handling.   

It can be used in any building utilizing chilled water systems and is accepted as a material for piping systems in all mechanical codes.  Carbon steel pipe has high tensile strength and internal pressure ratings, making it useful in high rise buildings as well as low rise buildings such as schools, hospitals, and office complexes.

The only situations in which carbon steel is not a preferred material would be systems with potentially corrosive, acidic water or when long-term durability is desired and there is concern that current water treatment levels may not be maintained.

System Application and Material Usage

Carbon steel’s combination of mechanical properties and characteristics continue to make it a first choice for chilled water applications.  A key advantage to steel is its ability to be rolled, formed, bent or fabricated, allowing it to be manufactured into various sizes, shapes, and configurations.  The elongation properties of steel allow it to withstand stresses and strains without breaking under shocks from surges, water hammer and other man-made disturbances.  Longer lengths enable faster and more economical installations.  Numerous flushing chemicals as well as other chemical treatments are available to ensure corrosion free service in chilled water systems.  Systems utilizing steel pipe can be used with water/glycol mixtures to maintain the operating conditions.  

Steel pipe is available in a variety of wall thicknesses with "standard wall" being the most common for use in chilled water systems.  The system working pressure and pipe joining method will determine the required pipe wall thickness for each application.  Steel pipe may be installed using a variety of joining methods including grooved, welded, flanged, threaded and other mechanical joining methods.

Manufacturers and Suppliers Participating in OPUS

ANVIL International

Anvil International offers a full line of domestically-produced iron fittings, steel nipples,......
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Embassy Group LTD

Embassy Group LTD is a 100-percent member owned, 3.2 billion dollar corporation consisting of......
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F.W. Webb Company

F.W. Webb Company is a multi-faceted distributor of plumbing and heating, HVAC and controls,......
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Ferguson

Ferguson specializes in providing PVF, Plumbing, HVAC and Related Specialty Products and......
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Grinnell Mechanical Products, A Tyco International Company

Grinnell Mechanical Products, a leading brand of Tyco International Company, manufactures a wide......
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J.O. Galloup Company

J.O. Galloup Company is a premier distributor of commercial and industrial piping products,......
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Metraflex Company

For over 55years Metraflex has met the needs of the contractor. The MetraLoop, a flexible pipe......
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Mueller Industries, Inc.

Mueller Industries, Inc. is the leading U.S. manufacturer of copper tube, copper fittings and......
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Team Industries, Inc.

Team Industries, Inc. offers a 3000# Generation III and 3000# Generation IV (hydraulically......
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Tri Tool Inc.

Tri Tool Inc. designs and manufactures cutting and prepping tools for pipe and tube from .12 to......
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Unique Fittings and Flanges

Unique Fittings and Flanges and its parent company Unique Industrial Product Co., supply quality......
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Victaulic

Victaulic is the world's leading manufacturer of mechanical pipe joining products. For over 80......
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Viega

Founded in 1899, Viega manufactures and distributes the highest quality plumbing, heating and......
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Weldbend Corporation

Weldbend Corporation is a manufacturer of carbon steel welding fittings and forged steel......
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Welding Outlets, Inc.

Welding Outlets, Inc. (WOI) is a manufacturer of domestic-only branch outlets......
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WinWholesale, Inc.

WinWholesale, Inc. is comprised of over 525 wholesale distribution locations. Along with Noland......
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Applicable Joining Methods

Flanged

Flanging maybe used for threaded or plane-end pipe. After a flange component is installed on the...
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Grooved

Grooved pipe joints consist of two grooved pipe ends (typically roll grooved) connected with a...
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Threaded

A connection in which an internal threaded fitting and an external threaded piece of pipe or...
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Welding

Welding is generally defined as the act of joining together two or more components by heating...
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